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|Year and Month||June, 2014 (14th)|
|Number of Days||01-Part of two days trip to Mannar|
|Crew||04 – Myself, Wuminda, Dushan and Nirosh|
|Accommodation||Four Tees Inn Thoddaveli, Mannar|
|Activities||Archeology, Photography and Just travelling|
|Route||Colombo -> Puttalama (පුත්තලම) -> Thabbowa Lake (තබ්බෝව වැව) -> Wilandagoda (විළදගොඩ) Hermitage – > Returned in same route to A12 (Puttalama-Anuradhapura-Trincomale road) -> Sinharagama (සිoහාරගම) -> Oyamaduwa (ඔයාමඩුව) -> Thanthirimale (තන්තිරිමලේ) -> Gajasinghapura (ගජසිoහපුර) -> Mannar|
|Tips, Notes and Special remark||
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We have visited Mannar on June 15th as one day trip. On the way to Mannar we were able to visit at following places mainly having archaeology importance. Though it is bit expired story I thought to write it down as it would be important to anyone who travel to Mannar from Colombo along this way.
We have visited following places on our way:
1. Thabbowa Lake
2. Wilandagoda Buddhist Hermitage.
3. Thanthilimale Temple
4. Oyamaduwa archeology site.
5. Baratha Naga Lena Monastery.
6. Nawodagama Archeology site.
Wilandagoda (විළදගොඩ) Buddhist Hermitage
Wilandagoda can be reached along Anuradhapura-Puttalama road. Get the left hand side turn at 17th mile post towards Pahala Puliyankulama (පහළ පුලියන්කුළම). After about 3-4km drive along the gravel road you can reach Wilandagoda Buddhist Hermitage. It is situated 4km from southern border of Wilpaththu National Park.
History goes back to Anuradhapura era-King Dutugamunu (දුටුගැමුණු) period. Prince Saliya-සාලිය (Only son of King Dutugamunu) was here with his low cast wife Asokamala (අසෝකමාලා). Neelamaha Yodaya-නීලමහා යෝදයා (one of the ten giants of King Dutugamunu) has found this while he was constructing a dam across Kala Oya (කලා ඔය). Then he got a promise from King Dutugamunu if he tells where prince Saliya hides he shouldn’t be bring without any harm.
King came to meet prince Saliya and offered him roasted paddy (Wilanda) and bee honey. He was asked to build Wihara’s Shrines, Dagoba, caves and religious monuments equal to roasted paddy he got.
This area got the name Wilandagoda like that.
There are number of caves (about 64), ruins of temples, ponds and few stone inscriptions to be seen here.
Thanthirimale Temple (තන්තිරිමලේ විහාරය)
This is one of the famous Buddhist monasteries in Sri Lanka. History of Thanthirimale goes back to Anuradhapura era. This temple was built by King Dewanampiyathissa (දේවානම්පියතිස්ස රජතුමා) as a one day visit place for Arahath Theri Sangamiththa (සoඝමිත්තා තෙරණිය) on her way to Anuradhapura.
Thanthirimale is a place of one of first eight shoots of Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi (ජය ශ්රී මහා බෝධිය) planted (First Sri Maha Bodhi plant).
During king Dewanampiyathissa period this area was called Thiwanka Bamunu Gama (තිවoක බමුණු ගම). Prince Saliya has been here with his low cast wife-Asokamala. At the end King Dutugamunu has forgiven them and prince was offered a necklace having a shape of a butterfly known as Thanthri. Then this area got the name of Thanthirimale.
There is a museum situated at temple premises but time didn’t permit us to visit there.
Nawodagama (නවෝදාගම) archeological site
Nawodagama archeological site is situated closer to the road. It consists of ruins of a small pagoda and “Tampiti Wehera” (ටැම්පිටි වෙහෙර).
Oyamaduwa Archeology Site
This archeology site was excavated in 2012 and can be seen ruins of a pagoda and a “Tampiti temple” (ටැම්පිටි වෙහෙර).
Oyamaduwa archeology site is situated about 500m away from main road.
Baratha Naga Lena (බරතනාග ලෙන)
This is a cave complex has seven caves with inscriptions and pre historical drawings. Baratha Naga Lena is situated about 1km away from the main road.
According to the history (mentioned at cave complex), this is the first temple made at Thanthirimale area. This was built during the period of Mahadatika Maha Naga මහා දාඨික මහා නාග රජතුමා king (A.C03-19).
Have a safe journey